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Encyclopedia: Ground covers

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Latin name
Decoration form
Color of flowers
Flowering month
Annual growth
Aspect
Frost hardiness
Density on 1m2
Evergreen plant
flowers
pink
VI, VII, VIII, IX
1-1.5 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
4-5
no
flowers
violet-blue
VI, VII, VIII, IX
2 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
5-6
no
flowers
violet-blue
VI, VII, VIII, IX
1-1.5 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun
3-5
no
purple
2 m
small
IV, V, VII, VIII
S, N, E, W
no
flowers
blue, fragrant
VII, VIII, IX
---
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
---
no
flowers
light pink
VIII, IX, X
0.3-0.4 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun
---
no
flowers
pink
VI, VII, VIII, IX
1.7 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
---
no
flowers
white
VI, VII, VIII, IX
1 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
5-7
no
flowers
violet
VI, VII, VIII, IX
1 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
5-7
no
flowers
white-mauve
VI, VII, VIII, IX
1 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
5-7
no
flowers
purple-pink
VI, VII, VIII, IX
0.6 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
6-8
no
flowers
blue
VII, VIII, IX
1-2 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
5-6
no
flowers
violet
VI, VII, VIII, IX
---
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun
---
no
flowers
navy-violet, fragrant
VI, VII, VIII, IX
0.2-0.5 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun
3-5
no
flowers
violet-lilac
VI, VII, VIII, IX
1-1.5 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
4-5
no

Clematis ‘Alionushka’

Clematis 'Alionushka'

Bell-shaped, nodding, rose-pink flowers with pale yellow anthers. A beautiful herbaceous clematis with raised, non-clinging stems (as in climbing rose). When no support is provided, it scrambles over the ground. Looks lovely when intermingled with another plants. A hardy cultivar particularly useful as ground cover, perfect for growing on terraces.

Raised by A. N. Volosenko-Valenis, Ukraine (former USSR).Named in 1969.

Decoration form
Color of flowers
Flowering month
Annual growth
Aspect
Frost hardiness
Density on 1m2
Evergreen plant
flowers
pink
VI, VII, VIII, IX
1-1.5 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
4-5
no

Clematis ‘Arabella’ (1994)

Clematis 'Arabella' (1994)

From June to October mid-blue flowers with conspicuous cream anthers are abundantly scattered over the whole plant. Very free flowering over a long period. A charming climber with raised, non-clinging stems (as in climbing rose). When no support is provided, it scrambles over the ground. Looks lovely when intermingled with another plants, ideal for growing through small...

Raised by B. Fretwell, United Kingdom 1990.

Decoration form
Color of flowers
Flowering month
Annual growth
Aspect
Frost hardiness
Density on 1m2
Evergreen plant
flowers
violet-blue
VI, VII, VIII, IX
2 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
5-6
no

Clematis ‘Blue Sensation’

Clematis 'Blue Sensation'

A perennial cultivar of violet-blue flowers opening from June to October. Recommended for  perennial borders or for planting among lower shrubs. WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE: Flowers small, 6-8 cm across, violet-blue, consisting of 4 (sometimes 6) oblong sepals with yellow anthers on violet-blue filaments and a bunch of light yellow pistils. Blooms profusely from June ti...

Raised by Gerard S. Kuijf, Netherlands.

Decoration form
Color of flowers
Flowering month
Annual growth
Aspect
Frost hardiness
Density on 1m2
Evergreen plant
flowers
violet-blue
VI, VII, VIII, IX
1-1.5 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun
3-5
no

Clematis ‘Constance’

Clematis 'Constance'

One of the earliest and most profusely flowering varieties. Charming, semi-double, crimson-pink flowers borne on long, slender stalks during April-June, and occasionally in summer. They are followed, during summer and autumn, by decorative silky seed heads. A very hardy plant with low requirements. Ideal for growing over fences, walls, or scrambling over rocks and old s...

Raised by Mrs K. Goodman, United Kingdom. Introduced in 1992.

Color of flowers
Plants height
Flowers size
Flowering month
Aspect
Pruning way
Frost hardiness
Evergreen plant
purple
2 m
small
IV, V, VII, VIII
S, N, E, W
no

Clematis heracleifolia ‘Cassandra’

Clematis heracleifolia 'Cassandra'

A perennial cultivar with stiff, erected stems that don’t twine round the support but can lean against it. Bright blue, hyacinth shaped, fragrant flowers, consisting of 4 rolled back tepals with nicely crimped margins, are borne in clusters in leaf axils from July to September. Particularly useful for perennial borders or among shrubs.

Decoration form
Color of flowers
Flowering month
Annual growth
Aspect
Frost hardiness
Density on 1m2
Evergreen plant
flowers
blue, fragrant
VII, VIII, IX
---
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
---
no

Clematis heracleifolia ‘Pink Dwarf’

Clematis heracleifolia 'Pink Dwarf'

An attractive, low growing perennial cultivar of wiry shoots. Long-blooming from August till October. Particularly suitable for growing in small gardens, along paths. WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE: Flowers small, 1-2 cm across, light-yellow, of hyacinth shape set in leaf axils, consisting of 4 curling outwards, light-pink sepals brightened in the middle by yellow stamens. Blooms from August till October. Shoots erect, wiry. HOW IT GROWS: A perennial, primitive climber,...

Decoration form
Color of flowers
Flowering month
Annual growth
Aspect
Frost hardiness
Density on 1m2
Evergreen plant
flowers
light pink
VIII, IX, X
0.3-0.4 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun
---
no

Clematis INSPIRATION® ‘Zoin’

Clematis INSPIRATION® 'Zoin'

Raised by W. Snoeijer, Netherlands.Introduced in 2000.

Decoration form
Color of flowers
Flowering month
Annual growth
Aspect
Frost hardiness
Density on 1m2
Evergreen plant
flowers
pink
VI, VII, VIII, IX
1.7 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
---
no

Clematis integrifolia ‘Alba’

Clematis integrifolia 'Alba'

A slender-stemmed, scrambling herbaceous perennial. Stems don’t twine round supports, but they can lean against them. Bell-shaped, nodding, pure white flowers, borne from June to September, followed by silky seed heads. Best planted on perennial borders or among shrubs. Particularly useful as a ground cover.

Decoration form
Color of flowers
Flowering month
Annual growth
Aspect
Frost hardiness
Density on 1m2
Evergreen plant
flowers
white
VI, VII, VIII, IX
1 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
5-7
no

Clematis integrifolia ‘Bluish Violet’

Solitary Clematis 'Bluish Violet'

A slender-stemmed, scrambling herbaceous perennial. Stems don’t twine round supports, but they can lean against them. Bell-shaped, violet-blue nodding flowers, borne from June to September, followed by silky seed heads. Best planted on perennial borders or among shrubs. Particularly useful as a ground cover.

Decoration form
Color of flowers
Flowering month
Annual growth
Aspect
Frost hardiness
Density on 1m2
Evergreen plant
flowers
violet
VI, VII, VIII, IX
1 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
5-7
no

Clematis integrifolia ‘Hakuree’

Clematis integrifolia 'Hakuree'

A slender-stemmed, scrambling perennial originating from Japan. Stems don’t twine round supports, but they can lean against them. Bell-shaped, white, lightly scented flowers, tinted with mauve at the center, borne from June to September, followed, in July-October, by silky seed heads. Best planted on perennial borders or among shrubs. Particularly useful as a ground co...

Raised by Kazushige Ozawa, Japan

Decoration form
Color of flowers
Flowering month
Annual growth
Aspect
Frost hardiness
Density on 1m2
Evergreen plant
flowers
white-mauve
VI, VII, VIII, IX
1 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
5-7
no

Clematis integrifolia ‘Hanajima’

Clematis integrifolia 'Hanajima'

A slender-stemmed, scrambling perennial originating from Japan. Stems don’t twine round supports, but they can lean against them. Bell-shaped, purple-pink nodding flowers with recurving tepals, borne from June to September, followed by silky seed heads. Best planted on perennial borders or among shrubs. Particularly useful as a ground cover.

Raised by Kazushige Ozawa, Japan 1986.

Decoration form
Color of flowers
Flowering month
Annual growth
Aspect
Frost hardiness
Density on 1m2
Evergreen plant
flowers
purple-pink
VI, VII, VIII, IX
0.6 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
6-8
no

Clematis ‘Juuli’

Clematis 'Juuli'

An Estonian hybrid of Clematis integrifolia to which it owns its non-twining stems. Flowers, purple blue at first, in full blossom become blue with a lilac blue central bar and golden anthers on white filaments. Free flowering from July to September. Hard pruning required. Thrives in all aspects. Excellent for growing between deciduous and coniferous shrubs or for spre...

Raised by U. & A. Kivistik, Estonia.Named in 1988.

Decoration form
Color of flowers
Flowering month
Annual growth
Aspect
Frost hardiness
Density on 1m2
Evergreen plant
flowers
blue
VII, VIII, IX
1-2 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
5-6
no

Clematis ‘Little Artist’

Clematis 'Little Artist'

A charming, dwarf variety with bell-shaped, purple flowers consisting of 4 elongated, slightly twisted sepals. A perennial with supple, scrambling stems. Flowers are borne most intensely in June and July, but it continues blooming - although less generously – until September. From July till October the plant is also adorned with silky seed heads. Simple leaves are lanceolate, with entire edges, slightly twisting. Stems don’t twine round supports but can lean against t...

Decoration form
Color of flowers
Flowering month
Annual growth
Aspect
Frost hardiness
Density on 1m2
Evergreen plant
flowers
violet
VI, VII, VIII, IX
---
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun
---
no

Clematis ‘Olgae’

Clematis 'Olgae'

A slender-stemmed, scrambling herbaceous perennial. Stems don't twine around the supports, but they can lean against them. Bell-shaped, mid-violet-blue light scented flowers with twisted tepals, borne from June to September, followed by silky seed heads. Best planted on perennial borders or among shrubs. Makes good ground cover.

Decoration form
Color of flowers
Flowering month
Annual growth
Aspect
Frost hardiness
Density on 1m2
Evergreen plant
flowers
navy-violet, fragrant
VI, VII, VIII, IX
0.2-0.5 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun
3-5
no

Clematis ‘Pamiat Serdtsa’

Clematis 'Pamiat Serdtsa'

A charming climber with bell-shaped, nodding, violet-lilac flowers from June to September. A beautiful perennial clematis with raised, non-clinging stems (as in climbing rose). When no support is provided, it scrambles over the ground. Looks lovely when intermingled with another plants. A hardy cultivar, particularly useful as ground cover, perfect for growing on terra...

Raised by M. A. Beskaravainaya, Russia (former USSR).Named in 1973.

Decoration form
Color of flowers
Flowering month
Annual growth
Aspect
Frost hardiness
Density on 1m2
Evergreen plant
flowers
violet-lilac
VI, VII, VIII, IX
1-1.5 m
sun, 3/4 sun, 1/2 sun, 1/4 sun
4-5
no