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Care and culture of Clematis

Clematis vines are climbing shrubs or herbaceous perennial plants with beautiful flowers in a rich variety of hues. Besides attractive flowers, many varieties can also boast quite a remarkable seedheads. They offer endless possibilities for enhancing the landscape, but in order to achieve the best results, it's vital to learn about their requirements.

Close attention should also be given to selecting the right cultivars as well as to careful preparation of the site. The effort will certainly pay off, as the plants may grow abounding with flowers for many years to come, rewarding us with their growing fullness and lushness.


Varieties

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Requirements & training

Large-flowered Clematis thrive best in fertile organic soil, rich in humus, calcium (pH 6 to 7) and kept moist but not wet. If your soil is not fertile enough add compost, rotted manure or a good media. Clematises like their roots shaded and the top growth exposed to the sun. 

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Applications

The beauty of any garden can be greatly enhanced by growing Clematis on various kinds of garden structures such as pergolas, arbors, trellises, arches, gates, lattices or tripods. Vigorous growth habit and high ornamental value give them a prominent role in a garden.

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Planting & Maintenance

Clematis grown in containers can be planted throughout the season from April to mid-November. The vines selected for planting should be previously cultivated in containers and ought to have a well-developed system of roots, as well as hardened stems at the base.

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Pruning

Pruning encourages branching and helps develop more plentiful blooms. It should be accomplished between the end of February to the beginning of April. Pruning later than April will result in a delay of blooming.

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Diseases & Pests

Clematis wiltThe only serious disease of clematis is highly infective fungal infestation called Clematis wilt. Suddenly either the entire plant, one of the shoots, or just part of a shoot collapses completely, although roots usually remain healthy.

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Frost hardiness

Each plant's entry includes hardiness ratings describing suitable regions for its cultivation. The hardiness zones follow the U.S.D.A. classification, commonly used in USA and constantly gaining popularity in Europe.

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